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The Industrial Revolution began in England during the 1700s and spread across Europe then North America, and eventually the world. This revolution assisted life but also made life more difficult as well. Gender roles were changed, products were made more efficiently and many jobs were created. This also meant that people lived in cramped houses, air pollution levels were high and people died of or suffered illnesses from working in factories. This essay will be discussing whether the Industrial Revolution has done more harm than good.The Industrial Revolution changed the roles of both genders. Before the Industrial revolution men and women worked together as part of a cottage industry. As
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“The Industrial Revolution: a Misnomer” written by Rondo Cameron is a highly opinionated article on the misleading usage of the term “Industrial Revolution”. He focuses on the distorted impression given by the term on the duration and the nature of the change that took place.
In his article, Cameron argues that the term “Industrial Revolution” gives an ambiguous reflection of the nature of the economic change. He disputes that the nature of the industrialization was not fast and sudden, but it was drawn-out and gradual, contrary to the common belief. Although there is not a general consensus on the dates, the author emphasizes the risk of overpassing the crucial fact of continuity that is
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In the last part of the 18th century, a new revolution gripped the world that we were not ready for (Perry, 510). This revolution was not a political one, but it would lead to many implications later in its existence (Perry, 510). Neither was this a social or Cultural Revolution, but an economic one (Perry, 510). The Industrial revolution, as historians call it, began the modern world. It began the world we live in today and our way of life in that world. It is called a revolution because the changes it made were so great.
They were also sudden, although the preparation for these changes took many years. It is called industrial because it had to do with manufacture. “Manufacture” means
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“Industrial Revolution”, in my opinion, is not a correct term. It
makes it sound as though the whole thing happened at once, which it
did not. It was rather an industrial evolution, or better yet an industrial
chain reaction. One event impacted others and these changes impacted
yet others. There were many important inventions during this time
period. These inventions all made life a little easier for the people living
during this time.
There was an increasing demand for new material for clothing. The
invention of the spinning jenny and powered loom made this possible.
Steam engines provided power for machines. The cotton gin was another
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Advancements in agriculture, textile, transportation and economic growth became possible only because of the Industrial Revolution. Taking place in the United States between 18th and 19th century, times went from separating the cotton from its seed to using an automated cotton gin made by an American inventor Eli Whitney. This allowed for the lower class citizens to be able to have the important goods such as medication and clothing. Before the American Industrial Revolution, people were mostly farmers and life went by slowly and tedious work was required for simple tasks. But with inventions like the cotton gin, and the assembly line, mass production evolved. The United States had one of
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In the Industrial Revolution, many breakthroughs have changed our lives in many ways. The Industrial Revolution began in 1750-1850, which all started in Britain. Since the Industrial Revolution started, it has spread around Europe, North America, and the globe. Although the Industrial Revolution’s inventions became a problem, progress, and promise, many of the important inventions and large factories were built to allow people to get things faster and it allowed people to have jobs.
Thomas Savery, an English military engineer, first built the Steam Engine in 1698 by using a pressure cooker. He tried to solve the problem by using the method of pumping water out coal from the
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The Industrial Revolution took place over a century ago and as production of goods moved from home businesses, where products were being crafted by hand to machine-aided production in factories. This revolution involved major changed in transportation, communications, and manufacturing that transformed the daily lives of Americans more than any single event in U.S. history. This change generally helped life, but also hindered it as well. Pollution, such as carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere rose, working conditions declined, and the number of women and children working increased. The government, the arts, literature, music and architecture along with human's way of looking at life all
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How Did The Industrial Revolution Affect A Person’s Quality of Life?
One’s quality of life is defined as the degree of well-being felt by a person or a group of persons. It is concerned with a citizen’s consumption of goods and services, human rights and the environment. The industrial revolution have produced great wealth to many citizens that influences their state of well being. Others may argue that the changes and advancements in society have brought the burden of scarce resources, diseases and pollution among it’s people. Rather the opposite is true, the positive effects that the revolution have introduced such as the high availability of employment, food, and human rights and the
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Industrial RevolutionDo revolutions have to have bloody conflicts in them to be called that? The Industrial Revolution is a direct contradiction to that statement; it is the only revolution in history not to have one single drop of blood shed at any time. The Industrial Revolution was a period from 1700-1850 in which new technology was being discovered at an alarming rate. The average British person born in 1760 saw more changes in his or her lifetime than ten generations of ancestors had seen in theirs.There were many factors that aided the Industrial Revolution. One for instance was the change in farming many wealthy landowners started to buy out small landowners this process was called
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The two most significant social consequences to the First Industrial Revolution of 1780-1850, was the impact on urbanization and the working class. The Industrial Revolution began in England in the 18th century. It was a time of pronounced transformation to the manner in which people existed and functioned in the world. The inventions of machines provided the ability to have dramatic growths on mass manufacturing in textile and coal mining, iron and steel making. It led to large factories and mills that were built to house machines and employed workers, which lead to increased production and wealth for industrialists worldwide. However, it also had negative consequences, particularly
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The Industrial Revolution was an enormous transformation, which altered the methods of production and distribution in society. It revolutionized all the economic functions of society and paved the way for production without total dependency on human energy. In this paper, I will examine the preconditions and key factors that contributed to the Industrial Revolution. I will also discuss the impact, both economic and social, that the Industrial Revolution had on society. In addition, I will endeavour to demonstrate that the Industrial Revolution, while it did have some positive aspects, has ultimately had a negative impact on a global scale, which in turn has created a number of
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of the church in ministering to the current cultural standards of the family.
To begin I believe that the most major turning point for the family was during the modern era and more specifically what has shaped and continues to redefine the family was the industrial revolution from the late eighteenth century to the nineteenth century. The industrial revolution was the most impactful event on the family because it drastically transformed and was the catalyst for continual change in what it means to be family. The nature of family life and work life had to conform to the new demands of society.
Family life and work life for all of the previous time for the most part consisted of family
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The Period of 1730-1850 was one of the most influential, if not the most influential period, of human advancement. This time gave us many of the basic things we see all around us today, from our current wealth based system to the use of unions. It gave us the engine, it gave us a global economy. The Industrial Revolution was, and is, incredibly important. In the space of 5 generations, man went from farming for his living to operating mammoth machines. Man went from an unorganized group of warring people to a global economy. The Industrial Revolution truly boosted humanity to its next step into the future.
The Industrial Revolution was caused by three major changes in Europe. The “Agrarian
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The Industrial Revolution changed America’s exceedingly in more positive than negative ways. The American industrial revolution has its roots in the Industrial Revolution which began in England. The demand for cotton was huge during this time. Many new industries that helped America’s business were developed, but some treated their workers poorly. Also, many new forms of transportation and communication were developed and improved. Agriculture became industrialized by teaming up with some industries to produce the needs of Americans and many immigrants. This event helped the U.S.’s population and economy to grow, even though it had some malicious things that went on it was still more
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The Industrial Revolution began in late 1700's England. It was a time of new methods of work, inventions, products, and more job availabilities. Thus it was one of the most important moments in history, and it changed the world as it was known. This resulted in the many successes of the 20th and 21st century. Without it, there would never have been all the technology and inventions we now have today such as computers, phones, cameras, or all the new and improved medicines. Agriculture was no longer the main business, as factories started popping up all everywhere. This made the job industry what it is today. Also while the Industrial Revolution was a great turning point in the history of
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An Industrial Revolution is the shift at different times from a traditionally agricultural based economy to one based on the mechanized production of manufactured goods on a large scale(Bookshelf 1994). By definition, industrialization leads to a rise of national income per capita as well as changes in the distribution of income, living and working conditions. The Industrial Revolution was the transformation of the production of handmade good to ones made by machines.The first attempt at American Industrialization was by Eli Whitney. He introduced and developed the idea of interchangeable parts rather than custom parts. This allowed some broken products such as guns, to be fixed at a lower
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The Industrial Revolution started in Britain and then spread throughout Europe, North America and beyond.
The Industrial Revolution was never determined; it begins when James Watt improved the steam-engine year 1769.
Thomas Savery was a man that was working on solving the problem of pumping water out of coal mines so you didn’t had to use horse to do it. He created a vacuum which sucked more water of the mine shaft through a bottom valve. He was also the first man that manufactured the steam-engine year 1698. The steam-engine wasn't the best, it was expensive big and bulky.
Thomas Savery lived during 1650-1715.
Thomas Newcomen was the man that improved Thomas Saverys idea he was the man who
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The Industrial Revolution 1 IntroductionThe Industrial Revolution can be defined as the process of change from an agrarian economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture. This era, which took place from the 18th to the 19th centuries, not only marked a turning point in agriculture, society, transportation, and economic policies in England but also perceived a booming growing industry.The replacement of traditional farming techniques for large-scale mechanized manufacturing resulted in migration of people from rural to urban areas. These modifications led to the creation of canals, roads and railways. Consequently, England drastically changed.CausesIndustrial ChangeThe
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TO WHAT EXTENT CAN IT BE CLAIMED THAT ENGLAND UNDERWENT AN INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN THE YEARS 1750 " 1850.In the years preceding 1750 England, although a wealthy nation still suffered from poverty and a poor economy. Despite the fact that there were manufacturers, not enough produce could be made, and so England remained poverty stricken. The 2 main areas of productivity were agriculture and woollen textiles, the larger earner of these two being wool. The manufacture of woollen cloth had been the main industry since the middle ages, when England was one of the world's greatest producers of raw wool. However the garments were made in the people's homes and the progress was very slow
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While some might argue that Industrialization had primarily positive consequences for society because there were tons of jobs available, it was actually a negative thing for society. Industrialization’s negative effects were horrible working conditions, overpopulated cities, and factories where polluting the air. Even if there were a couple positive things that happened it was still a negative effect overall.
People working during this time period had it rough. They had to work around 16 hours every day and they only had a 40 minute lunch around noon. This is way too long for anyone to work for with only one break. Parents could barely see their children during the
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The Industrial Revolution was a period of transition in European history in which life evolved from agricultural farms to urban cities. This era was characterized by the replacement of hand production by machine manufacturing, therefore instilling a means of labor concentrated in factories rather than the farms. Inventions such as the fly shuttle, spinning jenny, cotton gin, and most importantly, the steam engine, forever changed industry. Many economic and social changes also resulted, thus altering the way of life for many. There was an emergence of a commercial middle class and a proletariat working class was also formed. This development of a factory system slowly began to instill a new
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What factors helped to promote America’s huge industrial growth during the period from 1860-1900?
America had a huge industrial revolution in the late 1800”s. Many changes happened to our great nation, which factored into this. The evidence clearly shows that advancements in new technology, a large wave of immigrants into our country and new views of our government, helped to promote America’s huge industrial growth from the period of 1860-1900.
Advancements in new technology clearly promoted the industrial growth of the United States. The new technologies allowed business owners to reduce labor in the movement of materials from one point to the other. This occurred by using the new
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The economy of many nations was grounded on the putting-out system and the cottage-industry, prior the arrival of the Industrial Revolution. Nevertheless following the 17th century, the innovation of the steam engine revolutionized the energy possibility of man. Europe’s cities experienced an upsurge of growth due to this machine. In addition, laissez-fare capitalism was introduced and started to be implemented by numerous governments. As a response of this technical progression and economic revolution, particular altercations occurred fundamentally, and played a negative effect on the criteria of life for the urban and rural working classes. The negative effects caused by these
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Europe during the eighteenth century was at the height of the industrial revolution, none of which reached America. In New England the population was largely English, but America as a whole had more than 20 ethnic strains present, nowhere in Europe could such a heterogeneous mixture be found. America was unique in its political structure. Americans vested authority in personalities, rather than, as in England, in institutions of tradition. As a people they had been striped of traditions. America lacked the centuries of tradition that other societies had. American cities not only solved thier problems, but they sought to solve them. European cities were encrusted
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“I regard my workpeople just as I regard my machinery...When my machines get old and
useless, I reject them and get new, and these people are part of my machinery” (Sands 12). A
foreman at a textile mill in Fall River, Massachusetts spoke these words in possibly the worst
time during American labor history, the Industrial Revolution. During the Industrial Revolution,
large numbers of people in the United States flocked to work in factories where they faced long
hours, unsanitary and unsafe conditions and poor wages. Labor unions in the United States
formed to ensure workers the right to a safe workplace and a fair wage in the face of capitalistic
factory owners seeking wealth
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Obstacles to Industrialization1. lack of labour-95% of people worked on farms2. lack of food supply- farmers only made enough food for themselves3. fallow field system-1 of 3 fields would lie fallow for a year4. poor transport- between cities and possible industrial areas5. many countries had no common currency and no unified law code6. Aristocracy- were pro farms and usually anti-industrialization7. Guilds- constricted the economy and practiced Mercantilism-England started the Industrial Revolution bc:-they already had a common currency and unified law code and an aristocracy historically controlled by the King who was influenced strongly by the English Parliament-2 kinds of Aristocracy in
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"No development in modern history has affected individuals more than the Industrial Revolution". The Industrial Revolution took place from 1730 - 1830. European and American society, ideals, and politics advanced greatly during this time period.During the Industrial Revolution many of the philosophers of the time challenged common beliefs. Enlightened thinkers challenged the existing order and opened a gap between intellectuals and established institutions. One of the intellectual was John Stuart Mill. He published his ideas on how to "protect the rights of individuals and minorities".During the Industrial Revolution society began to transform. More and more people began flocking to the
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The industrial revolution may be defined as the culmination of radical socioeconomic changes that are brought about when there is a shift from home-based hand manufacturing to large-scale factory production. From 1750 to 1870, an Industrial Revolution occurred beginning in Manchester England, spreading throughout the world. This period is marked by invention, transportation improvements, mass production and trade. There is much controversy on whether the summation of all of the events that occurred during the industrial revolution had a positive affect.The industrial revolution had a great impact on the society. It improved the quality of life by providing more products at a cheaper price
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Lecture 13: The Industrial Revolution
Summary Sentence: The industrial revolution was symptomatic of economic prosperity, an
increase in working and living conditions, and a jump in wages.
Question: Why was England the first country to industrialize?
The Industrial Revolution introduced great things to Europe during the 18th and 19th centuries. England was the first to industrialize for three reasons; the availability of natural resources, the population, and war. Natural resources were very abundant in England, providing a large advantage. The growing population provided more potential buyers for England’s economy. The Napoleonic wars were over in
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Without the industrial revolution, our entire population would be living laborious, impoverished, pitiful lives. The industrial revolution was characterized by the agricultural revolution before it and the class tensions brought by it. Many have identified the industrial revolution as a mixed blessing, even though some of our simplest technology has come from the industrial revolution. Even the communist Karl Marx affected the industrial revolutionAccording to Steve Kreis's Lecture 17, "Man was going somewhere, his life had direction." The agricultural revolution planted the seeds for the industrial revolution. The first "seed" is the enclosure movement. Wealthy landowners in Great Britain
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The Industrial Revolution was the transformation from agricultural to an industrial nation. During the 1780's, the Industrial Revolution first began in England. The Industrial Revolution took place when people migrated from rural areas to urban areas to work in factories. As a result of increased population and trade, Great Britain rose to be the Mother country of the Industrial Revolution. Many natural resources like coal and oil were developed in The United Kingdom. The mother country also had a very large amount of food supply, and numerous countries to trade with. Due to these advantages, many farmers upgraded their ways of farming with added machinery. In doing so less
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The industrial revolution was a movement for change from agriculture to industry. It began during the 1780s, at the same time as the French and American Revolutions. Like most other revolutions the industrial revolution in Great Britain had many causes. The main five are, change in farming practices, population growth, food surplus, natural resources and a supply of markets.
As new approaches to farming became known in Great Britain, the amount of crops produced increased drastically. Because of the good weather many farmers were able to have more successful harvests and increase the size of their farmland. New plants were able to grow because of the milder climate
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The Industrial Revolution was an era of technological growth that rapidly met the demands of consumers’ needs, despite having social and economic injustices. The revolution was worth a few generations of suffering because it bettered the future lives of many. The Industrial Revolution negatively affected numerous people, but this “suffering” was a prior problem and in fact, proved ultimately beneficial; in addition, the revolution brought about both positive laws and a vast amount of new technology.
The concept of “suffering” has been a major fact of life since the beginning of time. However, the Industrial Revolution managed to shine a light on suffering, which stirred up many hasty
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The Industrial Revolution changed many lives forever, and advanced technology to an extent that was only imaginable, some would call this an age of progress in Europe. One main question to ask is; what is progress? Progress is defined as moving forward or improving, and in the case of the Industrial Revolution advancing society as a whole. This technological advancement, called the Industrial Revolution, required the hard labor and of many men, women, and children. Without the sacrifice made by the working class of the late eighteenth century the revolution could not have had a positive outcome nor advanced Western Civilization as we see it today. For society to move forward there is always
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“Early in the industrial revolution, factory workers began forming associations to gain better wages, hours, and working conditions”.(beers, p.80) “Between 1870 and 1914, the lot of industrial workers improved dramatically”. “Wages rose significantly”.(beers, p.81) “As you may have heard before living conditions in early industrial cities were deplorable”.(beers, p.81) The rise of labor unions, gains for workers, and improving city life was a huge part of the industrial revolution.
The associations for workers later developed into labor unions. The government saw labor unions as dangerous organizations. The industrial revolution spread to America, france, Germany, Belgium, and western
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Historical Analysis: Industrial Revolution
“How was the process of industrialization and subsequent urbanization that began in England in the 18th Century a problem, progress, AND promise?” Due to the great changes during this time, problems were caused due to a cratering economy, there were promises of an easier life and prosperity, and eventually led to the progression of human abilities.
Topic #1: Telegraph
Problem: During the 1800s, a new form of communication was invented, the telegraph. Problems faced were that the telegraph needed to be sent and received by an operator in doing so it took more time. Though the telegraph was a form of communication it was not however easy for
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The Industrial Revolution was a very productive time. Everything was changing, and arguably mostly for the worst. When most people talk about the Industrial Revolution they usually talk about the revolutionary inventions,the factory system that helped change the world and the creation of modern cities through urbanization. As great as these innovations were the Industrial Revolution was sadly a double edged sword. What these people are missing is the horrible effects these inventions had on the people of Britain during these times.
One of the opening events of the Industrial Revolution was the wave of new inventions. The new inventions were made with great intent and a promise for an
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From many different viewpoints, the American Industrial Revolution was an important part of our nation’s history. There are many positives aspects of our nation’s history which changed our country into what it is today. The Industrial Revolution was able to change America from a hand-made era into a new modern technological era. The ideas of changing from an agricultural to a manufacturing workplace came from other countries that had already gone through this change. This giant step forward in our nation’s history changed the nature of society by making it easier and more efficient to mass produce goods, making the products more accessible and more affordable to the people.
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The two most significant social consequences of the First Industrial Revolution (c. 1780-1850) are urbanization and child labor. Because people moved from rural areas into cities, the living conditions changed for the worse and with the invention of the steam-operated power loom in 1785, children were able to operate this simple machine and produce textiles for the exploding population ("Begins," n.d.). The Industrial Revolution began as the development of iron making and the use of refined coal triggered the invention of machine-based manufacturing of textiles ("Industrial Revolution," n.d.).
Urbanization was a significant consequence of the First Industrial Revolution because
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violence and executions, by 1817 the Luddite movement ceased to exist. (The Luddites)Another negative outcome was the unfairness of the working conditions and wages in the factories. Many employers chose to hire women over men; this was only because they paid women much less. Two dollars an hour less than the average pay of a man working the same job. Not only were women treated unfairly, but children worked for even less and were forced to work long hard days. Lower class children in the time of the industrial revolution did not attend school but instead worked long twelve to fifteen hour days and were beat frequently. No matter what wage you received, you had to suffer through the awful
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The Industrial Revolution
Going to work for a full day isn’t much fun after working fifteen hours the day before! 60-70 hour work days are never pleasant in anybody’s mind. How is it that so many people did this during the Industrial Revolution? Was it because they wanted the extra money? Or was it because they wanted the high political or economic status? For some people these were the reasons, but for most it was because of one concern. Survival! The Industrial Revolution greatly changed the workplace and the proletarians.
The Factory system was changed forever by the name of one man, Richard Arkwright. Even though Arkwright was not a great inventor, he used other peoples ideas to
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The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution is a term usually applied to the social and economic changes that mark the transition from a stable agricultural and commercial society, to a modern industrial society relying on complex machinery rather than tools. There have been numerous debates to the use of this term because the word "revolution" suggests sudden, violent, unparalleled change. Even though there was an unparalleled change in the world, it was by no means sudden nor violent. The world's social and economic structures changed due to marvelous inventions and innovations. These inventions and innovations led to a factory system of large-scale machine production
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The Industrial Revolution
(ca. 1750s - 1914)
Causes of the Industrial Revolution (conditions
of pre-industrial Europe pre-1750): Factor 1: "The Agricultural Revolution"
- New Crops (from the New World): Corn and Potatoes
- New Farming Methods:
Enclosure Movement in Britain - Parliament passed laws to
allow landowners to fence off land
- Allowed owners to better practice new farming methods
- No more "common lands" - Smaller farmers and gleaners forced out of rural lands/villages (forced to move to the cities)
New Technologies and knowledge to improve yields
- Crop Rotation and Soil Mixing
- Turnips - food source that also replenishes soil (pioneered by Lord Charles Townshend)
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In terms of social structure, the Industrial Revolution witnessed the triumph of a middle class of industrialists and businessmen over a landed class of nobility and gentry. Ordinary working people found increased opportunities for employment in the new mills and factories, but these were often under strict working conditions with long hours of labour dominated by a pace set by machines. As late as the year 1900, most industrial workers in the United States still worked a 10-hour day (12 hours in the steel industry), yet earned from 20 to 40 percent less than the minimum deemed necessary for a decent life. However, harsh working conditions were prevalent long before the Industrial
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The Industrial Revolution was responsible for the many aspects changed in Britain throughout the late 18th and early 19th century. Industrial and agricultural production was increased due the progressions of technology. England was aided by the Revolution replacing hands on work with machine work, which consequently amplified its manufactured goods productivity. With this impact on the England, its society was altered economically, socially, and politically.
For ages the British economy was ruled by agriculture. The farming systems throughout the eighteenth century produced a revolution to occur agriculturally that allowed the enlarged population to persist off increased crop quantities
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Think about your life for one second: you communicate with people, travel, make purchases, and utilize those commodities. But have you ever wondered what made those things possible? After all, you go to the store to buy things you need. You drive a car to work and to visit your friends. If you need to talk to someone, you simply pick up your phone or computer. However, none of this would be possible without a means of communication, factories to manufacture the products you need, places to work, and ways to travel and transport goods. And what made these possible? The answer is the Industrial Revolution, which started in Europe around the year 1730. A revolution is a major change or
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America’s Gilded Age, roughly between 1877 and 1890, was a time of expansion. Apart of the Gilded Age was the Second Industrial Revolution, and during this time America endured “one of the most rapid and profound economic revolutions any country has ever experienced” (Foner, 2012, pp. 586). Many people were affected during this time especially the working class, but the Industrial Revolution brought so many technologies and innovations which propelled a transition to a new economy (Atkeson and Kehoe, 2001, pp. 2).
Economic growth was dispensed very unevenly. Eighty percent of the population was the working class and only for a minority of these workers there were new found freedoms
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The industrial revolution was never determined; it begins when James Watt improved the steam-engine year 1769.
Before James Watt improved the steam-engine he had to build all the factories around a lake, but with the help of the steam-engine he could now build it anywhere, the steam-engine went on carbon that England had a lot of.
For the industrial economy would develop as well as it did so, it took ideas and technical knowledge to invent and develop machines that could take over the work so that no man needed to work themselves to death.
For everything to work they also neededs money to invest new machines and factories.
The people who worked there never got fired, they had to take care
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The Industrial Revolution began to take place in Great Britain in the 18th century. It was a great substitute of manual labor by machines that were now invented to make the job both quicker and easier. The agricultural world was now being transformed into the industrial world. The process of manufacturing was about to begin. The industrial revolution had its ups and its downs. It was very effective for many reasons and at the same time it caused a lot of problems for some people.The industrial revolution changed the atmosphere of Great Britain greatly. There were more and more people migrating from rural to urban areas. There was more opportunity for jobs in the urban areas, because of all
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By the time of the Civil War, the technologies upon which the First Industrial Revolution was based were established in the United States. In the years following the war, the nation's industrial energies were focused on completing the railroad and telegraph networks of the North, rebuilding those of the South, and expanding those of the West. Once the devastating depression of the 1870’s depleted, the stage was set for the Second Industrial Revolution.
New inventions came about to ease the production of goods that were being supplied. The creation of factories emerged by retailers who were struggling to meet the requirements of the masses surrounding them. The formation of power driven